Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Baseline Study for the Implementation of Improved Cook Stove and Solar Project in Tigray and SNNP Regional States

Client: Germen Development Cooperation (GIZ) EnDev Ethiopia Program


Energy services are one of the driving forces for ensuring the social and economic development of the country. Energy in general serve as input of production and final product for consumption hence, lack of access to energy  have significant consequence on competitiveness of the overall economy and livelihood of the citizen at large. Ethiopia gets its energy from a mix of sources (both from traditional and modern). Most of the rural areas of the county do not have access to modern sources of energy.

The Energizing Development (EnDev) Ethiopia is supporting the improvement  of access to modern energy services in Ethiopia in the framework of the Energizing Development (EnDev) Partnership, which is jointly funded by the Netherlands Directorates-General for International Cooperation (DGIS), the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA-N), Australian Government Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), the UK Department for international development (DFID), and Swiss agency for development and cooperation, Irish aid, several times, has provided co-funding to the EnDev country activities in Ethiopia.

Objective of the Project

The overall objectives of the project is to contribute to regional energy sector development and CRGE implementation in SNNPR and Tigray and to improve the livelihood of rural households by proving access to modern energy technologies. At the end of the project 180,000 ICS, 28,000 solar lanterns and 350 SHA shall be disseminated and installed ,16 SME and / or cooperatives trained and supported and 25 social facilities electrified with SHS benefiting 450,000 people with ICS and 57,750 people with pico-PV.

Specific objectives of the projects are:

  • To enhance access to improved, clean and efficient cook stove technologies for poor, rural HH in selected woredas by supporting dissemination and promotion of ICS and diversifying fuel sources through support of briquette full production schemes
  • To enhance access to small PV technologies for the targeted rural households by supporting their dissemination and promotion
  • To install a small PV systems at social facilities such as schools, health posts and community centers so that they can offer improved services (e.g use of medical equipment that run on electricity; have access to information and communication technologies, etc)
  • To mitigate the emission of CO2, other harmful emissions and hazardous waste and contribute to the successful implementation of the CRGE strategy in SNNPR and Tigray.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Final Evaluation of the Sustainable Development of the Gambella and Rift Valley Landscapes Project Scope

Client: Addis Ababa University Horn of Africa Regional Environment Center and Network


Although several factors attribute to conflict and unrest in a community unequal access to factors of production like land and water resources among others factors is considered to be the major source of conflict. Such conflicts may become risk of major violence when high levels of political security or economic stress combine with weak and illegitimate institutions.

Hence, adopting integrated landscape management strategies that work deliberately to increase synergies between food production, ecosystem conservation and rural livelihoods has been considered to be the ultimate policy direction for sustainable development and ensuring peace and security globally

In its effort to facilitate, strengthen and advocate for initiatives related to environmental conservation and natural resource management, HoA-REC&N has been undertaking “Sustainable Development of the Gambella and Rift Valley Landscapes project” in Ethiopia. This project is financed by the Embassy of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (the EKN) aiming at contributing to sustainable development through promoting and facilitating proper land use, conservation techniques and sustainable utilization of natural resources in Gambella and Rift Valley Landscapes; there by mitigating conflict and enhancing food security in Ethiopia.

Objectives of The Project

The overall objective of “Sustainable Development of Gambella and Rift Valley Landscapes Project” is to contribute to the sustainable development through implementing proper land use and conservation and sustainable utilization of natural resources in Gambella and Rift valley landscapes, thereby mitigating conflict and enhancing food security in Ethiopia.

The specific of objectives of the project includes:

  • Guiding agricultural investment and development in the selected landscapes through holistic, participatory and integrated land use planning;
  • Improving environmental governance in selected landscapes;
  • Sustainably diversifying and enhancing the livelihood base in selected landscapes;
  • Maintaining or restoring the resilience and functions of key ecosystems within selected landscapes

To achieve the above stated overall objective as well as specific objectives the project has identified and developed list of indicators, outcomes and output and activities undertake to realize these outcomes, output and objectives. Hence, the major outcome of the project were: Establishing Governance Structure, Agricultural Sustainability, and Natural Resource Conservation & Rehabilitation of degradation, Value Chain Development and Carbon Credit Exploration and Development.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

A study on Food Loss and Waste Reduction Study in Ethiopia. (Case Studies for Food Loss Extent, Causes, Solutions)

Client: International Fund for Agricultural Development  (IFAD)

The International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) is a specialsied agency of  the United Nation dedicated to eradicating rural povery in developing coutnres. The strategic policy of IFAD is detailed in Strategic Framework for IFAD 2

011–2015: Enabling the Rural Poor to Overcome Poverty. Its headquarters is in Rome Italy, and is a member of the United Nations Development Group.


The main objective of this study is to get a clear view of the weak points of the food supply chains, and the identification of interventions to reduce food losses and improve the food security cost efficiency. The specific objective of this study is the identification of the main causes and indicative quantitative data of food losses in two food supply chains in Ethiopia, namely teff and maize, and undertake an analysis of the measures to reduce food losses on their technical and economic feasibility as well as social acceptability, leading to concrete proposals to implement a food loss reduction program.

Using the methodology developed by FAO, BDS-CDR will provide the following major scope of services.

  1. Preparing supply chain selection and study implementation plan;
  2. Undertaking primary data and information collection; and
  3. Conducting data analysis and synthesis of a food loss reduction strategy.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Baseline Survey for the Project Improvement of Water Supply and Sanitation in Gurage Zone, SNNPR

Client: Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)


To improve the sanitation situation and to reach the goal by the specified time of the program, KOICA initiated integrated water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) starting from August, 2015 after Project Agreement Document which was signed between Water Resources Bureau of SNNP Regional Government and KOICA in September, 2013. KOICA’s program will target all 73,000 people living in 212 Gotts and 24 Kebeles in the two Woredas of Gurage Zone for improving water supply whereas sanitation and hygiene promotion component will target smaller number of selected Gotts in each Kebele. The intervention will be offred in the community, educational institutions, and health facilities.

With this scenario, KOICA set a goal to decrease incidence of water borne diseases and ease life of women through sustained and improved access to safe and clean water, and improved sanitation and hygiene as measured by incidence rate of diarrhea (typhoid fever, trachoma) and time spent by women/girls to fetch water so as to contribute its own share to the effort of government of Ethiopia toward the achievement of Millennium development goal. Therefore, the conceptual framework and methodology followed for this baseline study will enable to measure the impact of integrated water, sanitation and hygiene intervention KOICA’s program on the well-being of beneficiaries as well as to draw lessons for future policy and project design regarding rural sanitation interventions in developing countries.



The objective of the current baseline study is to provide an information base against which to monitor and assess an activity’s progress and effectiveness during implementation and after the activity is completed.

  • Provides data upon which projects’ progress on generation of outputs, contribution to KOICA outcomes and impacts is assessed.
  • Being effectively the first step in the activity’s M&E system, the baseline study is an early element of the activity monitoring plan.
  • Gathers the information to be used in subsequent assessments of how efficiently the activity is being implemented and the eventual results of the activity.
  • Forms a basis for setting performance targets and ensuring accountability to partners and other stakeholders.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

A study on Market and technical analysis of livelihood opportunities prioritized by community following community livelihood plan development at Kebele level

Client: Pastoral Community Development Project (PCDP)

The pastoral community development project (PCDP III) is the final phase of a 15 year program that will be implemented from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018. The project is funded by International Development Association (IDA), International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Regional Governments, and beneficiary community’s contribution. The Project Development Objectives (PDO) for PCDP III is to improve access to community demand-driven social and economic services for pastoralist and agro-pastoralists of Ethiopia. It is expected to contribute to improved livelihood of pastoralists and agro-pastoralists in terms of growth and stability of incomes, improvements in their health, nutritional and education status, as well as greater empowerment and decision-making authority in local development initiatives.

The objective of the consultancy work is to conduct a market and technical analyses study in order to identify income generating activities /investment opportunities through market, value chain and social analyses for long list of livelihood activities expressed by the community during community livelihood plan development. The study is framed in three major pillars, within which the followings key thematic issues will be addressed;

• Identifying potential income generating activities / or other investment opportunities;
• Identifying viable IGAs / agriculture related investment opportunities to increase household agricultural production and productivity through market and value chain analysis;
• Undertaking a technical analysis of potential IGA/investment opportunities, which covers a detail analysis of technological options, production potential and skill related to the specific agro-ecological zones, financial viability of potential investment opportunities, social and cultural acceptability of potential investment opportunities and mitigation measures for potential environmental impact as result of implementing IGA or potential investment opportunities.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Outcome Evaluation of Community Led Total Sanitation and Hygiene (CLTSH) in Ethiopia from 2012-2015

Client: UNICEF Ethiopia

KABP study on sanitation preference conducted by UNICEF in 1997 & 2003 revealed a low commitment to latrine construction and use. The reasons are multiple ranging from the poor reputation of Ethiopian latrines (their apparent lack of stability, privacy and safety), the shortage of available, durable building materials, and the reported resistance of men to ’build a house for faeces’. To this end, various stakeholders, including UNICEF and WSSCC-GSF, are working in this area in collaboration with the government of Ethiopia.
The outcome evaluation will be undertaken in both the 86 UNICEF learning Woredas and the 40 WSSCC-GSF supported Woredas. The UNICEF Woredas are located in Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR, Tigray, Somali, Afar, Benshengul Gumuiz and Gambella regions. The WSSCC Woredas are located only in Amhara, Oromia, and SNNP Region.

The general purpose of the consultancy assignment is to undertake outcome evaluation of the UNICEF and WSSCC supported CLTSH programs in intervention areas of both programs. The evaluation exercises will purse key evaluation criteria’s (Effectiveness, efficiency, relevance, sustainability, equity and impact), coupled by ensuring the compliances of gained achievements with the government of Ethiopia Certification and Verification Protocol for ODF communities. Lessons learnt from the implementation will be reviewed and will be used to influence the approach to rural sanitation in the future UNICEF CPD and HSDP-V.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Baseline Survey for Improvement of Water Supply and Sanitation in Gurage Zone, SNNPR

Client: Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA)

KOICA is South Korean governmental organization with the mission of contributing to socio-economic development of partner countries and pursuing harmonization with global partners to reduce poverty and improve the quality of life. KOICA Ethiopia Office, as KOICA’s biggest and oldest presence in Africa, has been working in close collaboration with Federal Government of Ethiopia in various sectors. One of these projects is Water, sanitation and hygiene project in Gurage Zone, SNNPR, which is based on the Project Agreement Document signed between Water Resources Bureau of SNNP Regional Government and KOICA in September, 2013. The project targets local population of approximately 73,000 in 24 Kebeles in two Woredas (Cheha and Enemore Ena Ener), and consists of four major project components: Construction of water supply systems (3 schemes with 162 water points), Sanitation improvement (Community-led Total Sanitation and Hygiene, CLTSH), Hygiene promotion and Organization and capacity-building of WASHCOs for sustained operation and maintenance of the water supply system.  Whereas the water supply will target the entire population of 73,000 living in 212 Gotts in 24 Kebeles in the two Woredas, sanitation and hygiene promotion component will target smaller number of selected Gotts in each Kebele.

The objective of this baseline survey is to  collect  primary  data  on  a  number  of  indicators  related  to  the  KOICAWASH Project in Gurage Zone  (water access and use, sanitation access and use, KAP,  health,  education,  socio-economic).  Indicators related to water, sanitation, hygiene and the overall WASH services will be assessed.  This will enable Adaptation of KOICA project approaches in designing hygiene education and sanitation demand creation as well as access to adequate sanitation in the target Gotts and enables to assess the extent to which the KOICA WASH project has achieved the expected results at completion of the project.

Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihood Program (DRSLP I)

Client:  Ministry of Agriculture
The DRSL Ethiopia program is six components-based project initiated by IGAD with support of African Development Bank (AfDB) and World Bank for IGAD countries to end drought emergencies both at country and regional levels. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in collaboration with AfDB is implementing the 1st  five years “Drought Resilience and Sustainable Livelihood Program” project launched in October 2013, the actual operation of which started early 2014.
The baseline survey for DRSLP-I Ethiopia project needs to be designed with the aim to provide baseline information for understanding the initial status of livelihoods of pastoralists in terms of assets, strategies, and the enabling policy, institutional and supporting environment. The major outcomes of the project intervention that impinges on the impacts are: (i) increased water availability and accessibility in the study regions and woredas; (ii) increased pasture and forage quality and availability in the study regions and woredas, (iii) developed rural feeder roads to improve market access for livestock input delivery and marketing in the study regions and woredas; (iv) enhanced human and institutional capacity at federal and regional levels. These outcomes are considered to be generated through the outputs from the project interventions on the three major components

Purpose and objectives of the baseline study
The purpose of this baseline survey is to assess the existing conditions and issues affecting target communities and beneficiaries and to establish benchmark indicators to inform the monitoring and evaluation plan for DRSLP I. The baseline survey will primarily focus on the overall situation of the pastoral and agro-pastoral livelihood systems, the characteristics of the livelihoods and climate variability and changes in the target areas of the project.
The objectives of the baseline survey are thus: (1) to identify benchmark and indicators at national, regional and wereda levels disaggregated by gender, and (2) to provide benchmark information for measuring project achievements and impact as well as for monitoring and evaluation of the DRSLP I project. The result will be used to measure change among the target beneficiaries in the short, medium and long term in Afar and Somali regional states.

The survey will covers 15 woredas & 45 kebeles from Afar (6) and Somali (9) region.  Data will be collected from 1,125 pastoral households, 30 FGDs male headed female headed households, 106 KII interviews with federal, regional and woreda agriculture bureau, water resource bureau , gender desk, cooperatives, SME etc.

In selecting pastoral households, pastoralists in each kebele will be stratified into male and female headed households in order to select the sample households from both strata proportional to size of each stratum. For the FGDs, we will summon two sessions (for male and women pastoral group) in each Woreda. The members of FGD will be elders, opinion leaders, experiences pastoralists, youth and other knowledge-able pastoralists identified in consultation with woreda administration and pastoralism and agriculture development office.





Here you can read about recent projects that are undertaken by BDS-CDR

Baseline Survey for Agricultural Mechanization in Ethiopia

Client: Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA)
Farm mechanization is considered to be one of the measures in mitigating the country’s recurrent problems of poverty and food insecurity. The benefits of increased use of mechanization are immense and include reduced postharvest losses, improved quality of products, reduced human and animal labor use and improved labor efficiency.
This study is intended to collect based line data on farm mechanization and livestock product at a national level, focusing on regions/areas where mechanization is prominent. This mechanization survey is expected to provide baseline data on knowledge, access and adoption of mechanized technologies by smallholder and commercial farmers and compute mechanization index for crop production to show the overall status of mechanization in the crop sector. It is also expected that the survey would generate baseline data on suppliers and institutional support and promotion measures undergoing and on bottlenecks users and suppliers and institutional promoters face.

Objective of the study
Objectives of the baseline survey
1)    To assess farmers’ knowledge, access and adoption of agricultural mechanization technologies for the Meher and irrigation production
2)    To compute mechanization index for crop production to show the overall status of mechanization in the crop sector
3)    To explore option of markets for pre-and post-harvest farm machineries supply and farmers link with these suppliers
4)    To document each and every indicator specified in the Agricultural Mechanization Strategy (AMS) and other relevant documents, and;
5)     To draw recommendations from detail interpretation of collected data and information on ways of improving supply and use of agricultural mechanization machines and implements in Ethiopia  

The survey will covers 34 woredas & 68 kebeles from the five region: Oromia (12), Amhara (10), Tigray(3), SNNP(7).  Data will be collected from 1,360 small farmer households and 61 commercial farmers, 78 key informant interviews from manufactures, assemblers, importers of agricultural equipments and 151 key informant interviews from different government institution like regional bureau of agriculture and regional agricultural research institute/mechanization department.

In selecting farmers, farm size will be considered, for it is an important factor of mechanization. Accordingly small farm holders (< 3 ha) and medium farm holders (3-10) ha.) will be included in the sample of farm households. A systematic sampling procedure will be applied after grouping the farm households in these two farm size groups in each kebele to select twenty farm households from each kebele distributed across the farm size groups proportionally. Quantitative data collected through smallholder and large scale commercial farmers surveys will be analyzed employing descriptive statistics using SPSS to provide bench mark situation of use of agricultural mechanization technologies and practices.




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